International relations have always evolved. They were not the same 100 years ago or even just 50 years ago. In this history lesson , you will learn how were international relations after the first World War. Indeed, the war changed many things on an international level. Leadership was taken by some nations and things changed.
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Content of this document of Humanities > History
The end of the war - Armistice Day
The Armistice of Compiègne on 11th November 1918 marked the end of military combat. There was much relief and celebration and the people in Europe could finally look forward to establishing a long and lasting peace. [...]
The difficult road to peace
When the time for peace talks arrived the political and economic climate was very turbulent and after Germany had come so close to defeating the Allies almost single-handedly, there was a desire to ensure that Germany would never be able to wage war on such a scale ever again. [...]
Wilson's Fourteen Points
1.) There should be open diplomacy and no more secret pacts or agreements between countries. 2.) Navigation of International seas should be free during war and peace time. 3.) There should be free trade between all countries who agree to peace. [...]
Germany before the peace treaties
The Kaiser abdicated on the 9th November 1918 and was replaced by Friedrich Ebert from the Social Democrat Party who declared Germany a Republic. The Armistice came as a shock to many in Germany as up until that point they were under the impression that the war was going well. [...]
"The Big Three" and the Paris Conference
There were three dominant parties involved in the peace talks who were also known as the Big Three : David Lloyd George (Britain), Georges Clemenceau (France) and Woodrow Wilson (USA). [...]
George was very aware of the British public’s desire for Germany to pay for the damage and losses incurred through WWI. However, he was also concerned about creating an overly harsh treaty which would encourage Germany to seek revenge in the future. [...]
Clemenceau on the other hand was looking for a more punitive peace. France had suffered greatly at the hands of German occupation and for such reason wanted Germany to be made so weak that it could never attack France again. [...]
Wilson in contrast to Lloyd George and Clemenceau wanted a fair peace. His main desires as outlined in his Fourteen Points were: disarmament, open agreements between countries, self-determination for people of Europe, freedom of colonies, free access to the seas, free trade and the setting up of a League of Nations. [...]